Medical Eponym Description Named After  Bio 
Alzheimer chronic neurodegenerative disease; most common form of dementia Alois Alzheimer, 1864-1915 Bavarian psychiatrist
Apgar summarizes the health of the newborn (appearance, pulse, grimace, activity, respiration) Virginia Apgar 1901-1974 American obstetrical anesthesiologist
Asperger difficulties in social interaction and nonverbal communication; autism spectrum disorder Hans Asperger, 1906-1980 Austrian pediatrician
Baker accumulation of joint fluid (synovial fluid) behind the knee William Morrant Baker, 1839-1896 English physician and surgeon
Barrett abnormal change in the lining of the esophagus, may lead to esophageal adenocarcinoma Norman Rupert Barrett, 1903-1979 Australian born thoracic surgeon
Bell palsy dysfunction of cranial nerve VII, causing facial paralysis Charles Bell, 1774-1842 Scottish surgeon, anatomist, and neurologist
Crohn inflammatory bowel disease; cobblestone ulceration Burrill Crohn, 1884-1983 American gastroenterologist
Ebola weakness, hemorrhagic fever, aches, diarrhea, vomiting and stomach pain Ebola river, in Zaire where this virus was first discovered
Graves overproduction of thyroid hormones; exophthalmic goiter Robert Graves1796-1853 Irish physician
Hodgkin cancer of the lymphatic tissue Thomas Hodgkin 1797-1865 London Physician
­­Legionnaire severe form of pneumonia caused by legionella bacterium American Legion convention (outbreak) in 1976  
Lou Gehrig amyotrophic lateral sclerosis; death of neurons in brain and spinal cord; stiff muscles Lou Gehrig, 1903-1941 baseball player debilitated with ALS 
Lyme infectious bacterial disease; most common disease spread by ticks Old Lyme, Connecticut
Parkinson degenerative disease affecting movement, including speech James Parkinson 1755-1824 English apothecary surgeon
Raynaud vasospasms (decrease blood supply to affected regions) Maurice Raynaud, 1834-1881 French physician
Tourette neuropsychiatric disorder; childhood onset Georges Albert Édouard Brutus Gilles de la Tourette, 1857-1904 French physician
West Nile virus virus transmitted by mosquitos: mild to severe symptoms Uganda (eastern Africa), 1937
Wilms malignant kidney tumor containing developing (germ) cells Max Wilms, 1867-1918 German pathologist and surgeon
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