Sarc/o/penia is a medical term built from two word parts:
- sarc – word root for flesh or connective tissue
- -penia – suffix for [abnormal] reduction
The first known use of sarcopenia was in 1991.
The literal translation (finding the definition of a term by using the word parts) of sarcopenia is a reduction of connective tissue. Skeletal muscles are connective tissue, and since the reduction, or loss, is age-related, sarcopenia is often defined as age-related muscle loss.
Click on the arrow to hear the term.
Sarcopenia begins in one’s 30’s; however, after age 50 it is a common condition that affects 10% of adults. Loss of muscle strength with sarcopenia can decrease lifespan and quality of life.
How to build muscle as age tears it down
Exploring Medical Language Edition 10, Chapter 14 Musculoskeletal System.